Rightly marketed as enchanting Tamilnadu, Tamil Nadu has a culture in India unlike any other state. While most of India was influenced by Hinduism, Tamil Nadu has taken its influence from Buddhism and Jainism as well. There are a lot of customs and traditions of Tamilnadu that are quite unique. Some of the festivals of Tamil Nadu might be attributed to the principal occupation of the Tamil people which was about agriculture. In addition to all of these, there were a lot of Gods and Holly figures who would be responsible for guarding a few villages or water bodies and those Gods would have their own unique festivals. All these little factors make the festival climate of Tamil Nadu a very unique one!
Here are a few amazing festivals of Tamil Nadu that you will need to experience on your Tamil Nadu tour package point
Without any question, Pongal has to be first on the list of festivals in Tamilnadu. Pongal is celebrated to honour the farmers agriculture and the factors that make farming possible. In this regard, the Pongal festival is celebrated in the Tamil month of Thai and has three days of activities. The first day, called the boogie is about discarding what is old and welcoming what is new. The second day of Pongal which is the biggest event among the three is about cooking the first cultivated rice in pots and offering it to the sun got a while chanting pongalo Pongal. This cry is the signature war cry of Tamilnadu when it comes to culture. The third day of Pongal is dedicated to the cows that eat in agriculture. Pongal is not just about Easter celebration but also about a lot of delicacies. A few variants of rice putting like the Ven pongal and chakkara Pongal are made and shared with neighbours to celebrate the festival spirit of this particular occasion! The fourth day of Pongal, called the kaanum Pongal is about visiting places and giving people a break from their strenuous work schedule. These Little Things make Pongal a very Holistic festival in the Tamil culture.
Tamil New Year
Each culture in India has its own calendar and Tamil Nadu is not an exception. It is known as the Tamil puthandu and generally falls on the 14th of April which is considered to be the first day in the Tamil month of chithirai. The Tamil new year is characterized by the decoration of the house portico with artistic spreading of coloured powder affectionately called as Kolam. On the agricultural front, this day also signifies the day when the mangoes start blooming. The auspiciousness of beginning good things on this day has been a tradition that has been alive for quite a long time and people buy a lot of things like gold and fruits. One of the most important aspects of this festival is that people are required it to visit the Kanni Temple and have an auspicious bath. That is called Manga Pachadi is made on this day that makes it very special!
Tamil Nadu has always given a lot of importance to performing arts and literature. The natyanjali festival is something that is dedicated to dance. Natyanjali literally means a tribute in the form of Dance Point this is a tribute what is offered to Lord Nataraja and is quite a famous happening in the Chidambaram town where the Nataraja Temple is located. To add more context, the pose of Nataraja in the Chidambaram Temple is referred to as the cosmic dance. This is the day in about 300 to 400 dancers from all over India gathered at this place to offer there thanks in the form of dance to Lord Shiva. The dancers belong to various schools including Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi, mohiniyattam, and Kathak. This festival coincides with the beginning of Mahashivratri. This is another festival that signifies the cultural unity of South India and the vibrance that the dance performances bring together in a grand fashion. This festival was made famous by the 1994 Shankar film Kadhalan.
It is quite a common belief that Lord Muruga, or Subramanya or Karthikeyan who is the youngest son of Lord Shiva is the principal God of the Tamils. The auspicious month of Thai has a lot of Holi happenings associated with it and on the full moon day of this month, the Thai Poosam happens. It is the day that celebrate the birthday of Lord Subramanyam and people pray to Lord Muruga to help their wishes come true. The highlight of this festival is the Kavadi. the devotees also wear the clothes of a beggar signifying their humidity in front of the mighty god.
The mahamaham that happens at Kumbakonam can be called as the Kumbh Mela of the South. Just like how people from all over India gather at the banks of the river Ganges to take a holy dip during the Kumbh Mela, people all over the country come to the mahamaham tank in Kumbakonam town to take a holy dip. The festival occurs during the Masi month of the Tamil calendar and is coincident with the astronomical event of Jupiter entering the Leo sign of the constellation. It is a common belief that people who made in the mahamaham tank are purified of their sense. This festival is so grand that it attracts more than one million people every time it happens.
Just like there is a natyanjali for dance, there is Thiruvaiyaru for music. This festival is held to honour the great composer and Saint Thyagaraja who is considered to be one of the most important entities in Karnataka music. This festival happens in the Thanjavur district and on the banks of the river Kaveri where the Thyagaraja Swamy Samadhi is located. Music performers and lovers from all over the world gather at Thiruvaiyaru to witness the musical extravaganza. This festival is considered to be the biggest Carnatic music festival in the world and it is so famous that replicas of these festivals are held in places like the United States, Mauritius and Nigeria.
The Karthigai Deepam can be rightly called as the youngest sibling of Bali. It is the festival of lights and as the name implies that falls in the Tamil month of Kartikeya. The idea behind this festival is to keep away the bad and welcome the good. This festival last for about 10 days and people believe that this is the day when Lord Shiva appeared in Tiruvannamalai as a huge tongue of flame.
With so much festivities, Tamil Nadu is bound to be a vibrant and amazing place all throughout the year. If you would like to experience the core culture of Tamil Nadu in all its awesomeness, it is best to visit in Tamilnadu on a tour package during one of these festivals!